How Long Does it Take to Make Wine? (Explore by TYPE)

If you love a good glass of wine, then you’ve probably wondered, “how long does it take to make wine?”

The answer, of course, depends on the type of wine that is being made. In this blog post, we will discuss how different wines are made and how long it takes to produce each type.

We will also provide some tips for those who want to make their own wine at home!

How Long Does it Take to Make Wine?

red wine grapes
From grapes to your glass, the wine takes months to years to make, depending on the variety.

It can take up to 3 years to grow wine grapes from planting to harvest. If the vineyard has established grapes, they are only picked at the peak of ripeness after a full season of growing.

Wine is then pressed and fermented for at least 2 weeks, often more. The wine then must be clarified and set for a second fermentation of another week or more.

Finally, after bottling, the wine must age. Fresh wine will age for only 3 to 4 months. A fine wine will age up to 5 years before being released for sale.

Taken together, the freshest wines take over a year to make, while fine wines can take 5 years or more to go from grape to your wine glass.

Read our related article on How to Make Homemade Strawberry Wine. Learn the steps to create delicous sweet wine!

How Long Does it Take to Make Wine – Details

Making wine is a process that takes time, skill, and patience.

The first step involves gathering and crushing the grapes, which are then placed in large fermentation tanks to begin the winemaking process.

This process can take several weeks, as the natural sugars in the grape juice ferment and turn into alcohol.

Once this initial fermentation is complete, the wine must be transferred to another tank in order to undergo a secondary fermentation known as malolactic fermentation. 

This stage of the winemaking process typically takes several months. Finally, once all the yeast and natural sediments have settled out of the wine, it is ready for bottling.

Depending on how long it takes for these various steps to occur, winemaking can generally be said to take anywhere from several months to a year or more.

Through careful monitoring and attention to detail, however, skilled winemakers can make wines that truly shine.

Read our related article on How to Bottle Wine! If you’re new to making homemade wine, this guide is for you. We share what you need to know PLUS a helpful video!

Different Types of Wines and How They’re Made 

There are many colors of wine, each using a slightly different winemaking method that changes the color and flavor of the end result.

Within each type of wine there are fresh or young wines that age for only a few months and fine wines that age for years.

The length of time it takes to make the bottle you’re drinking depends on the maker.

Read our related article on How to Make Merlot Wine where we explore making Merlot right at home!

Red Wine 

Wine is a type of alcoholic beverage made from fermented grape juice.

The fermentation process can take anywhere from a few days to a few weeks, depending on the type of wine being made.

Red wine is made by fermenting grape juice with the skins and seeds intact. This process can take up to two weeks, as the skins and seeds need time to release their color and flavor into the wine.

White Wine 

white wine
White wines can be still or bubbly. Champagne is the most famous bubbly white wine.

Making white wine is a process that usually takes around four to six weeks. The first step is to crush the grapes and extract the juice. White wine is fermented without any contact with skin and seeds.

The juice is then placed in a fermentation tank, where it will sit for a few days to a few weeks.

During this time, the yeast will convert the sugar in the grape juice into alcohol. After fermentation, the wine will be pressed, and any remaining solids will be filtered out.

The wine is then placed in barrels or tanks to age for a period of time, which can range from a few months to several years.

Once the wine has reached its desired flavor, it is bottled and ready to be enjoyed.

Read More: What Happens if You Drink Old Wine? Will drinking old wine make you sick? How do you tell if your wine has gone bad? We have the answers in this complete guide!

Rose Wine

To make rose wine, the winemaking process begins with crushing the grapes.

The skins are left in contact with the fermenting juice for a short time before they are removed and the juice is left to ferment.

Once fermentation is complete, the wine is then left to age in barrels or tanks. The length of time that it takes to make rose wine can vary depending on the style of wine that you are making.

For example, if you are making a dry rose wine, it will take less time than if you are making a sweet rose wine.

In general, it takes about 2-3 weeks to make a dry rose wine and 4-6 weeks to make a sweet rose wine.

Sparkling Wine 

Making sparkling wine typically involves a lengthy and intricate process that is carried out by skilled vintners.

The first step in this process is to harvest the grapes, which are generally picked when they are fully ripe and at their peak quality.

Next, the grapes are crushed and pressed so that the juice can be extracted from the skin and seeds.

This juice is then transferred to large fermentation tanks, where it undergoes a primary fermentation for several weeks.

During this time, yeast is also added to help convert the sugars in the juice into alcohol.

Once the primary fermentation has been completed, the liquid must then undergo secondary fermentation, which happens inside individual bottles or small containers.

This step can take anywhere from several months to several years, depending on how dry or sweet the wine will be.

Once this step has been finished, workers carefully remove sediment from each bottle before adding a final dose of yeast to help kick start a third fermentation process known as “riddling.”

This step causes the wine to ferment just a little after bottling, building carbon dioxide in the liquid that bubbles to the surface when the bottle is opened and pressure is released. This is how champagne is made.

An alternative method is to force carbonate the wine like a soda before bottling. This is the method used to produce many sparkling wines.

Dessert Wine

Dessert Wine
Dessert wines can be any color and are made from syrupy sweet grapes that make for a more highly fermented drink.

Dessert wines are a deliciously indulgent treat that is made from extra sweet, syrupy grapes.

Ice wine is a dessert wine made from frozen grapes that yield a sweet syrup when crushed.

Some dessert wines have sugar added to make them sweeter, but most are made from extra-sweet grape varieties.

Fortified wines like Port can be enjoyed as a dessert wine because the fortification spirits make them sweeter and richer than other wines.

The process to make dessert wine is the same, though it may age for a year or longer than a fresh wine to develop the full sugar fermentation.

Tips for Making Your Own Wine at Home

  • Research. Before you start making your own wine, it’s important to do some research. You’ll need to decide what type of wine you want to make, and then find a recipe that suits your needs.
  • Gather your supplies. You’ll need a fermenting vessel, press, and all the ingredients. Your local homebrew shop should be able to point you in the right direction.
  • Follow directions. Making wine is an exact science, so it’s important that you follow the directions for your recipe to the letter. This will help ensure that your wine turns out exactly as intended.
  • Be patient. Making wine takes time, so don’t expect to have a finished product overnight. The freshest wines must age for several months at least, so it takes a long time before you know if your work is a success.

Read our related article on How to Make Fortified Wine at Home! We cover the need-to-knows in this informative guide.

Final Thoughts

Making wine is a time-consuming process that results in an expensive beverage that is enjoyed all over the world.

The flavors and aromas in fine wine develop with time, so time is a wine’s best friend.

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